To cite 'Matching' in publications use:

Jasjeet S. Sekhon (2011). Multivariate and Propensity Score Matching Software with Automated Balance Optimization: The Matching Package for R. Journal of Statistical Software, 42(7), 1-52. URL http://www.jstatsoft.org/v42/i07/.

To refer to the theory on which this package is based:

Alexis Diamond and Jasjeet S. Sekhon Genetic Matching for Estimating Causal Effects: A General Multivariate Matching Method for Achieving Balance in Observational Studies. Review of Economics and Statistics. Forthcoming.

Further developing the theory and practice:

Jasjeet Singh Sekhon and Richard D. Grieve (2012). A Matching Method For Improving Covariate Balance in Cost-Effectiveness Analyses. Health Economics, 21(6), 695-714.

BibTeX entries for LaTeX users: use ‘toBibtex(citation("Matching"))’

Corresponding BibTeX entries:

  @Article{,
    title = {Multivariate and Propensity Score Matching Software with
      Automated Balance Optimization: The {Matching} Package for {R}},
    author = {Jasjeet S. Sekhon},
    journal = {Journal of Statistical Software},
    year = {2011},
    volume = {42},
    number = {7},
    pages = {1--52},
    url = {http://www.jstatsoft.org/v42/i07/},
  }
  @Article{,
    title = {Genetic Matching for Estimating Causal Effects: A General
      Multivariate Matching Method for Achieving Balance in
      Observational Studies},
    author = {Alexis Diamond and Jasjeet S. Sekhon},
    journal = {Review of Economics and Statistics},
    year = {Forthcoming},
    url = {http://sekhon.berkeley.edu/papers/GenMatch.pdf},
  }
  @Article{,
    title = {A Matching Method For Improving Covariate Balance in
      Cost-Effectiveness Analyses},
    author = {Jasjeet Singh Sekhon and Richard D. Grieve},
    journal = {Health Economics},
    volume = {21},
    number = {6},
    pages = {695--714},
    year = {2012},
  }