Covr

Build Status AppVeyor Build Status codecov.io CRAN version

Track test coverage for your R package and view reports locally or (optionally) upload the results to codecov or coveralls.

Installation

install.packages("covr")

# For devel version
devtools::install_github("r-lib/covr")

The easiest way to setup covr on Travis-CI is with usethis.

usethis::use_coverage()

Usage

A coverage report can be used to inspect coverage for each line in your package. Using report() requires shiny.

library(covr)

# If run with no arguments implicitly calls `package_coverage()`
report()

covr also defines an RStudio Addin, which runs report() on the active project. This can be used via the addin menu or by binding the action to a shortcut, e.g. Ctrl-Shift-C.

Interactively

# if `getwd()` is the package's directory.
package_coverage()

# or a package in another directory
cov <- package_coverage("/dir/lintr")

# view results as a data.frame
as.data.frame(cov)

# zero_coverage() shows only uncovered lines.
# If run within RStudio, `zero_coverage()` will open a marker pane with the
# uncovered lines.
zero_coverage(cov)

Manual Installation

Codecov

If you are already using Travis-CI or Appveyor CI add the following to your project’s .travis.yml to track your coverage results over time with Codecov.

r_github_packages:
  - r-lib/covr

after_success:
  - Rscript -e 'covr::codecov()'

To use a different CI service or call codecov() locally you can set the environment variable CODECOV_TOKEN to the token generated on codecov.io.

Codecov currently has support for the following CI systems (* denotes support without needing CODECOV_TOKEN).

You will also need to enable the repository on Codecov.

Coveralls

Alternatively you can upload your results to Coveralls using coveralls().

r_github_packages:
  - r-lib/covr

after_success:
  - Rscript -e 'covr::coveralls()'

For CI systems not supported by coveralls you need to set the COVERALLS_TOKEN environment variable. It is wise to use a Secure Variable so that it is not revealed publicly.

Also you will need to turn on coveralls for your project at https://coveralls.io/repos.

Exclusions

covr supports a couple of different ways of excluding some or all of a file.

Function Exclusions

The function_exclusions argument to package_coverage() can be used to exclude functions by name. This argument takes a vector of regular expressions matching functions to exclude.

# exclude print functions
package_coverage(function_exclusions = "print\\.")

# exclude `.onLoad` function
package_coverage(function_exclusions = "\\.onLoad")

Line Exclusions

The line_exclusions argument to package_coverage() can be used to exclude some or all of a file. This argument takes a list of filenames or named ranges to exclude.

# exclude whole file of R/test.R
package_coverage(line_exclusions = "R/test.R")

# exclude lines 1 to 10 and 15 from R/test.R
package_coverage(line_exclusions = list("R/test.R" = c(1:10, 15)))

# exclude lines 1 to 10 from R/test.R, all of R/test2.R
package_coverage(line_exclusions = list("R/test.R" = c(1, 10), "R/test2.R"))

Exclusion Comments

In addition you can exclude lines from the coverage by putting special comments in your source code.

This can be done per line.

f1 <- function(x) {
  x + 1 # nocov
}

Or by specifying a range with a start and end.

f2 <- function(x) { # nocov start
  x + 2
} # nocov end

The patterns used can be specified by setting the global options covr.exclude_pattern, covr.exclude_start, covr.exclude_end.

FAQ

Will covr work with testthat, RUnit, etc…

Covr should be compatible with any testing package, it uses tools::testInstalledPackage() to run your packages tests.

Will covr work with alternative compilers such as ICC

Covr now supports Intel’s icc compiler, thanks to work contributed by Qin Wang at Oracle.

Covr is known to work with clang versions 3.5+ and gcc version 4.2+.

If the appropriate gcov version is not on your path you can set the appropriate location with the covr.gcov options. If you set this path to “” it will turn off coverage of compiled code.

options(covr.gcov = "path/to/gcov")

How does covr work?

covr tracks test coverage by modifying a package’s code to add tracking calls to each call.

The vignette vignettes/how_it_works.Rmd contains a detailed explanation of the technique and the rationale behind it.

You can view the vignette from within R using

vignette("how_it_works", package = "covr")

Why can’t covr run during R CMD check

Because covr modifies the package code it is possible there are unknown edge cases where that modification affects the output. In addition when tracking coverage for compiled code covr compiles the package without optimization, which can modify behavior (usually due to package bugs which are masked with higher optimization levels).

Alternative Coverage Tools