mapboxapi

An R interface to Mapbox APIs and web services

The purpose of {mapboxapi} is to facilitate the use of Mapbox web services for spatial data science tasks in R. Current and future versions of the package allow R users to return Mapbox navigation requests as simple features (sf) objects, convert R objects to Mapbox vector tilesets, and query Mapbox tilesets from R, among other tasks. The package is not a complete wrapper of the API (though new features will continually be added) nor is it an interface to Mapbox GL JS, Mapbox’s web mapping API.

To install from GitHub, then store your Mapbox access token for use in the package:

remotes::install_github("walkerke/mapboxapi")

# Get your access token from your Mapbox account and save it in R; save a public token, 
# secret token, or both with successive calls to mb_access_token()
mapboxapi::mb_access_token("pk.eyzdl....", install = TRUE)

More thorough documentation will be coming as I develop the package. In the meantime, take a look at the following examples:

Example 1: Building a routing app with Shiny and mb_directions()

library(shiny)
library(mapdeck)
library(mapboxapi)

# Set up a sidebar panel with text boxes for origin and destination, 
# and a placeholder to print out the driving instructions
ui <- fluidPage(
  sidebarPanel(
    textInput("origin_text", label = "Origin",
              placeholder = "Type an address or place name"),
    textInput("destination_text", label = "Destination",
              placeholder = "Type an address or place name"),
    actionButton("action", "Show me the route!"),
    htmlOutput("instructions"),
    width = 3
  ),
  mainPanel(
    mapdeckOutput(outputId = "map", width = "100%", height = 600)
  )
)

# Set up reactive elements to generate routes when the action button is clicked,
# then map the routes and print out the driving directions
server <- function(input, output) {

  output$map <- renderMapdeck({
    mapdeck(token = Sys.getenv("MAPBOX_PUBLIC_TOKEN"),
            style = mapdeck_style("light"), 
            zoom = 11, 
            location = c(-97.3034314, 32.7593745)) 
    
  })

  new_route <- eventReactive(input$action, {
    mb_directions(
      origin = input$origin_text,
      destination = input$destination_text,
      profile = "driving",
      output = "sf",
      steps = TRUE
    )
  })
  
  observeEvent(new_route(), {

    mapdeck_update(map_id = "map") %>%
      clear_path(layer_id = "new_route") %>%
      add_path(data = new_route(), stroke_width = 75, 
              layer_id = "new_route", update_view = TRUE, 
              focus_layer = TRUE)
    
    output$instructions <- renderUI({
      HTML(paste0(
        paste("&bull;", new_route()$instruction, sep = ""),
        collapse = "<br/>"))
    })
  })

}

shinyApp(ui = ui, server = server)

Example 2: render large datasets as scalable vector tiles with tippecanoe

library(mapboxapi)
library(mapdeck)
library(httr)

# Get the Microsoft buildings data for Texas and unzip
GET("https://usbuildingdata.blob.core.windows.net/usbuildings-v1-1/Texas.zip",
    write_disk("Texas.zip", overwrite = TRUE), progress())

unzip("Texas.zip")

# Use tippecanoe to make a dynamic .mbtiles file that visualizes large data appropriately
# at any zoom level.  sf objects can also be used as input!
# (requires installing tippecanoe on your machine separately first)
tippecanoe(input = "Texas.geojson",
           output = "Texas.mbtiles",
           layer_name = "texas_buildings")

# Upload the generated tileset to your Mapbox account (requires a Mapbox secret access token
# to be set as an environment variable)
upload_tiles(input = "Texas.mbtiles", username = "kwalkertcu",
             tileset_id = "TX_buildings",
             multipart = TRUE)


# Head over to Mapbox Studio when the upload is done (check the status with
# `check_upload_status()`) and add it to a style.  When you've styled it, bring it back
# into R with mapdeck by referencing the style ID:
mapdeck(token = Sys.getenv("MAPBOX_PUBLIC_TOKEN"),
        style = "mapbox://styles/kwalkertcu/ckaf9qxim1pyk1io7r2e8exj2/draft",
        zoom = 6,
        location = c(-98.7382803, 31.7678448))

Example 3: a research workflow to determine how median gross rent varies by distance from downtown

library(mapboxapi)
library(tidyverse)
library(tidycensus)
library(tigris)
library(sf)
library(crsuggest)
options(tigris_use_cache = TRUE)

# Grab median gross rent data from the 2014-2018 ACS for the Twin Cities metro
county_names <- c("Hennepin", "Ramsey", "Anoka", "Washington",
                  "Dakota", "Carver", "Scott")

tc_rent <- get_acs(geography = "tract",
                   variables = "B25064_001",
                   state = "MN",
                   county = county_names,
                   geometry = TRUE)

# Find the right coordinate system to use; in this case we'll use 26993
print(suggest_top_crs(tc_rent, units = "m"))

# Remove water areas - there are a lot in Minnesota! - to help ensure that a point in a 
# given Census tract will be routable
tc_water <- county_names %>%
  map(~area_water("MN", .x)) %>%
  rbind_tigris() %>%
  mutate(pct = percent_rank(AWATER)) %>%
  filter(pct >= 0.95) %>%
  st_union() %>%
  st_transform(26993)

tc_rent_points <- tc_rent %>%
  st_transform(26993) %>%
  st_difference(tc_water) %>%
  st_point_on_surface()

# Determine the location of downtown (apologies to St. Paul, purposes of illustration here)
downtown_mpls <- mb_geocode("Minneapolis City Hall, Minneapolis MN")

# Use mb_matrix() to calculate driving time from all Twin Cities Census tracts to downtown
time_to_downtown <- mb_matrix(origins = tc_rent_points,
                              destinations = downtown_mpls) %>%
  as.vector()

tc_rent$time <- time_to_downtown

# Visualize how rent varies by travel time from downtown with ggplot2
ggplot(tc_rent, aes(x = time, y = estimate)) +
  geom_smooth() +
  scale_y_continuous(labels = scales::dollar) +
  labs(x = "Travel time to downtown Minneapolis (in minutes)",
       y = "Median gross rent in Census tract", 
       title = "Median rent by drive-time to downtown Minneapolis",
       subtitle = "Census tracts in the seven-county Twin Cities metropolitan area",
       caption = "Data sources: Mapbox Directions API, 2014-2018 ACS") + 
  theme_minimal()