geos

R-CMD-check Codecov test coverage

The goal of geom is to provide access to the GEOS C API by vectorizing the C functions for use in R. See the package function reference for which functions are implemented in the R API.

Installation

You can install the released version of geos from CRAN with:

install.packages("geos")

And the development version from GitHub with:

# install.packages("remotes")
remotes::install_github("paleolimbot/geos")

If you can load the package, you’re good to go!

library(geos)

Example

Buffer a line and plot it!

line <- as_geos_geometry("LINESTRING (30 10, 10 30, 40 40)")
plot(geos_buffer(line, distance = 4), col = "grey90")
plot(line, add = T)

The geos package is designed to work with dplyr package, so you can work with geometry vectors as a data frame column:

library(dplyr)
#> 
#> Attaching package: 'dplyr'
#> The following objects are masked from 'package:stats':
#> 
#>     filter, lag
#> The following objects are masked from 'package:base':
#> 
#>     intersect, setdiff, setequal, union

# map data from the maps package via ggplot2
states_df <- as_tibble(ggplot2::map_data("state"))
states_df
#> # A tibble: 15,537 x 6
#>     long   lat group order region  subregion
#>    <dbl> <dbl> <dbl> <int> <chr>   <chr>    
#>  1 -87.5  30.4     1     1 alabama <NA>     
#>  2 -87.5  30.4     1     2 alabama <NA>     
#>  3 -87.5  30.4     1     3 alabama <NA>     
#>  4 -87.5  30.3     1     4 alabama <NA>     
#>  5 -87.6  30.3     1     5 alabama <NA>     
#>  6 -87.6  30.3     1     6 alabama <NA>     
#>  7 -87.6  30.3     1     7 alabama <NA>     
#>  8 -87.6  30.3     1     8 alabama <NA>     
#>  9 -87.7  30.3     1     9 alabama <NA>     
#> 10 -87.8  30.3     1    10 alabama <NA>     
#> # … with 15,527 more rows

states_df %>% 
  group_by(region, group) %>% 
  summarise(geometry = geos_make_polygon(long, lat)) %>% 
  summarise(geometry = geos_make_collection(geometry, "multipolygon"))
#> `summarise()` regrouping output by 'region' (override with `.groups` argument)
#> `summarise()` ungrouping output (override with `.groups` argument)
#> # A tibble: 49 x 2
#>    region               geometry                                          
#>    <chr>                <geos_geom>                                       
#>  1 alabama              <MULTIPOLYGON [-88.476 30.241...-84.901 35.013]>  
#>  2 arizona              <MULTIPOLYGON [-114.809 31.347...-109.040 37.002]>
#>  3 arkansas             <MULTIPOLYGON [-94.624 32.997...-89.651 36.509]>  
#>  4 california           <MULTIPOLYGON [-124.383 32.538...-114.133 42.021]>
#>  5 colorado             <MULTIPOLYGON [-109.063 36.984...-102.044 41.018]>
#>  6 connecticut          <MULTIPOLYGON [-73.722 41.012...-71.780 42.049]>  
#>  7 delaware             <MULTIPOLYGON [-75.802 38.457...-75.052 39.849]>  
#>  8 district of columbia <MULTIPOLYGON [-77.137 38.806...-76.931 38.996]>  
#>  9 florida              <MULTIPOLYGON [-87.640 25.130...-80.042 31.008]>  
#> 10 georgia              <MULTIPOLYGON [-85.611 30.355...-80.844 34.996]>  
#> # … with 39 more rows

The easiest way to get data into and out of the package is using the sf package.

library(sf)
#> Warning: package 'sf' was built under R version 4.0.5
#> Linking to GEOS 3.8.1, GDAL 3.2.0, PROJ 7.2.0
nc <- read_sf(system.file("shape/nc.shp", package = "sf")) %>%
  st_transform(32119) # North Carolina state plane, m.

nc_geos <- as_geos_geometry(nc)

nc_geos %>% 
  geos_make_collection() %>% 
  geos_unary_union() %>% 
  st_as_sfc(nc_state)
#> Geometry set for 1 feature 
#> Geometry type: MULTIPOLYGON
#> Dimension:     XY
#> Bounding box:  xmin: 123829.8 ymin: 14740.06 xmax: 930518.6 ymax: 318255.5
#> Projected CRS: NAD83 / North Carolina
#> MULTIPOLYGON (((705860.3 27430.49, 698896.5 186...