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Date-time data can be frustrating to work with in R. R commands for date-times are generally unintuitive and change depending on the type of date-time object being used. Moreover, the methods we use with date-times must be robust to time zones, leap days, daylight savings times, and other time related quirks, and R lacks these capabilities in some situations. Lubridate makes it easier to do the things R does with date-times and possible to do the things R does not.

If you are new to lubridate, the best place to start is the date and times chapter in R for data science.


# The easiest way to get lubridate is to install the whole tidyverse:

# Alternatively, install just lubridate:

# Or the the development version from GitHub:
# install.packages("devtools")


Lubridate also expands the type of mathematical operations that can be performed with date-time objects. It introduces three new time span classes borrowed from