To cite RStan in publications use:

Stan Development Team (2021). “RStan: the R interface to Stan.” R package version 2.21.2, https://mc-stan.org/.

Corresponding BibTeX entry:

  @Misc{,
    title = {{RStan}: the {R} interface to {Stan}},
    author = {{Stan Development Team}},
    note = {R package version 2.21.2},
    year = {2021},
    url = {https://mc-stan.org/},
  }